Chikmagalur - town of the younger daughter
Chikmagalur or Chikkamagalooru (means town of the younger daughter in Kannada) is situated in south western part of Karnataka and surrounded by the Baba Budangiri hills and dense forests. It is 250 km from Bangalore.
The chikmagalur district is full of scenic surprises hills, valleys, streams and snow-white coffee blossoms. Chikmagalur is a trekker's delight, with its rugged mountain trails.
Mullayanagiri, the highest peak in Karnataka (1930 meters ) is 12 Kms away from Chikmagalur. The rivers Bhadra, Tunga, Hemavathi, Netravathi and Vedavathi flow in all the seasons. Coffee is the major commercial crop of Chikmagalur and other crops are crops are pepper, cashew, etc. Several minerals are found in the district such as iron, magnetite, granite etc.,
Chikmagalur district is divided into seven taluks namely Chikmagalur, Kadur, Tarikere, Mudigere, Koppa, N.R.Pura and Sringeri.
Places to Visit:
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- Amrithapura: Amrithapura is known for the Amrithapura temple built in 1196 A.D by Amriteshwara Dandanayaka, a general of the Hoysala ruler Ballala II. Delicacy of touch, originality of design and fine features have made this temple one of the notable structures of the Hoysala period. It is located 67 km north of Chikmagalur town.
- Bhadra Wildlife Santuary: Bhadra Wildlife Santuary is located 38 km north-west of Chikmagalur town. The sanctuary surrounded by hills has the tributaries of the Bhadra river flowing through it. It is a great place to see Indian bison, elephants, ferocious tiger, panther, sambar, spotted deer, wild beer, porcupine, birds like the peacock, parrot, partridge, pigeon, etc. and reptiles such as cobra, python etc. More than 250 species of bird life, many of which are widespread to the Western Ghats, are spotted here. Marsh crocodile, flying lizard, monitor lizard and different kinds of snakes are some of the reptiles found here. October to February is best time to visit Bhadra Wildlife Santuary.
- Baba Budan Giri: To the north of Chikmaglur town is the Baba Budan Range or Chandra Drona Parvatha as it was known in the ancient times, which has one of the highest mountain peaks between the Himalayas and the Nilgiris. The peak takes its name from the Muslim saint, Baba Budan, who resided here more than 150 years ago and reared coffee from the seeds he had secured from Yemen. The Baba-Budan range has taken its name from the 1895 meters high Baba-Budan Giri, situated just 28 kms north of Chikmagalur town.
- Kalasa: 92 Km from Chikmagalur, situated on the banks of the river Bhadra, is surrounded by lofty hills of the Western Ghats and is looked upon as one of the pancha-kshetras on the banks of the Bhadra. Close by are the pancha theerthas, the five sacred ponds. On a small hillock here is the Kalaseshwara temple dedicated to Ishwara, with a Kshetrapala shrine of soap stone nearby. The Madhawacharya Bande, a large boulder at one of the theerthas here, is supposed to have been placed by Shri Madhawacharya the founder of the Dwaitha school of philosophy. A statue of this Acharya is carved on the upper portion of the rock.
- Mullayanagiri: Mullayanagiri is part of the the Baba Budan Giri Hill Ranges here. It stands 1930 meters and is the tallest peak in Karnataka. There is a small temple on top of the hill. The small hillock in the temple compound is the highest point in Karnataka.
- Sringeri: 90 km west of Chikmagalur town is Sringeri situated on the banks of river Tungabhadra. Sringeri was discovered by Sri Sankaracharya as a place where even natural animosities did not exist, as he saw a frog in labour protected from the scorching rays of the sun by a raised hood of a cobra. He installed at that place the Goddess of learning, Sri Sharadamba. Sringeri is famous center of learning, philosophy and sublime spirituality. The place is said to have been named after Rishyashringa who figures in the Ramayana as the chief priest at the great sacrifice of King Dasharadha.
- Horanadu: Horanadu is 100 km southwest of Chikmagalur & 8 Km from Kalasa, has an ancient temple of Sri Annapoorneshwari, which has been renovated recently. With the installation of the new image of Adi Shakthi, now the temple is called Adi-Shaktyatmaka Shri Annapoorneshwari.
- Kuduremukh: is located 95 km south-west of Chickmagalur town. Kudremukh literally mean Horse face. It is so called, for its mountain ranges look like the face of a horse. Overlooking the Arabian sea, the broad hills are chained to one another with deep valley & steep precipices. Cool and salubrious climate throughout the year.
- Kemmanagundi: 55 Km north from Chickmagalur town is Kemmanagundi, a scenic hill station on the Baba Budan range of hills. Kemmangundi is also known as K.R. Hills after Wodeyar King, Krishnaraja Wodeyar who had made it his favourite summer camp. Kemmanagundi is surrounded by thick forests and a salubrious climate the year.
- Hebbe Falls: 10 km away from Kemmanagundi is hebbe water falls where water gushes down from a height of 168 meters in two stages. Here water streams down from a height of 168 meters in two stages to form Dodda Hebbe (Big Falls) and Chikka Hebbe (Small Falls).